Patient-Centered Outcome Measures

Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Completed & Harmonized

The ICHOM Set of Patient-Centered Outcome Measures for Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries is the result of hard work by a group of leading physicians, measurement experts and patients. It is our recommendation of the outcomes that matter most to patients with Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. We urge all providers around the world to start measuring these outcomes to better understand how to improve the lives of their patients.

  1. Recorded via the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire (BMQ [BMQ-Specific section]).
  2. Includes physical activity (recommended to track via the International Physical Activity Questionnaire [IPAQ-Short Form]), medication adherence (recommended to track via the Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy Scale – South Africa Version [Medication taking sub-scale]) and salt intake (recommended to track via the WHO STEPS Instrument).
  3. Includes survival (overall and cardiovascular), blood pressure control, hypertensive urgencies and hypertensive emergencies, and erectile function (recommended to track via PROMIS single question).
  4. Includes hospitalization, peripheral artery disease, hypertensive crisis, heart failure, ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, atrial fibrillation, and renal disease
  5. Recommended to track via the EQ-5D.

Our sponsors

Our Cardiometabolic Family of Sets updates sponsor


Implementation Resources

You will need a Connect account to access the following documents:

Hypertension Reference Guide
Hypertension Data Dictionary

You can access the following documents without:

Hypertension Flyer
Hypertension Manuscript

You can join here. If you are already a member, please login here.

ICHOM Accreditation Product Logo

All of the basic information you need to implement ICHOM Sets is available in the links above.

However, for a faster, more easily integrated process, we offer digitised versions of the Set measures. These are designed for immediate upload to existing EMR systems.

This is available as part of our Accreditation package, which recognises your work in putting patient outcomes at the heart of treatment.

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Team that developed this set

Vladislav Podpalov | Belarusian Hypertension Society, Vitebsk State Medical University

Otavio Berwanger | Hospital do Coração
Celso Amodeo | Brazilian Society of Cardiology

Anastase Dzudie Tamdja | Pan African Society of Cardiology, University of Yaounde

Norman Campbell | University of Calgary
Ernesto Schiffrin | McGill University, Jewish General Hospital

Peter Lamptey | London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, FHI 360

Raghupathy Anchala | Indian Institute of Public Health Hyderabad, Public Health Foundation of India

Yook-Chin Chia | University of Malaya, Institute for Healthcare Development at Sunway University, Malaysian Society of Hypertension

Albertino Damasceno | Eduardo Mondlane University

Manuela Fiuza | Universidade de Lisboa
António Vaz Carneiro | Universidade de Lisboa

Fareed Mirza | Novartis Foundation

Dorothea Nitsch | London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Gbenga Ogedegbe | New York University Langone Medical Center

Nam Phuong Do Thi | Heart Institute of Ho Chi Minh City 

*Two patient representatives from Mexico and Tanzania were also members of the Working Group.


Elena Arbelo | Hospital Clínic Barcelona
Menno Huisman | Leiden University
Andreas Bollman | Heart Centre Leipzig
Benjamin Steinberg | University of Utah School of Medicine
John Beltrame | University of Adelaide
Tom Lumbers | University College London
Cristina García Ulloa | Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán
Andrew Pumerantz | WesternU, Population Health Science
Sergio Hernández | Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán
Søren Skovlund | Evidera
Mark Peyrot | Loyola University Maryland
Magdalena Walbaum | London School of Economics and Political Science
Erik (F.A.) Klok | Leiden University
Albertino Damasceno | Eduardo Mondlane University
Camila de Menezes Succi | Dasa Hospitals
Jana Nano | Helmholtz Zentrum München
Kevin Veen | Erasmus Medical Centre
Cindy de Jong | Leiden University
Tim Benson* | Nile Health

* Patient Representative

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©2023 ICHOM | ©2023 ICHOM Sets of Patient Centered Outcome Measures are made available under copyright by ICHOM. They may not be used in commercial contexts without the prior written permission of ICHOM


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