Patient-Centered Outcome Measures

Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Completed & Harmonized

The ICHOM Set of Patient-Centered Outcome Measures for Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries is the result of hard work by a group of leading physicians, measurement experts and patients. It is our recommendation of the outcomes that matter most to patients with Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. We urge all providers around the world to start measuring these outcomes to better understand how to improve the lives of their patients.

  1. Recorded via the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire (BMQ [BMQ-Specific section]).
  2. Includes physical activity (recommended to track via the International Physical Activity Questionnaire [IPAQ-Short Form]), medication adherence (recommended to track via the Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy Scale – South Africa Version [Medication taking sub-scale]) and salt intake (recommended to track via the WHO STEPS Instrument).
  3. Includes survival (overall and cardiovascular), blood pressure control, hypertensive urgencies and hypertensive emergencies, and erectile function (recommended to track via PROMIS single question).
  4. Includes hospitalization, peripheral artery disease, hypertensive crisis, heart failure, ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, atrial fibrillation, and renal disease
  5. Recommended to track via the EQ-5D.
ICHOM Standard Sets Hypertension in Low- and Middle - Income Countries Outcomes Wheel

Set Materials

Hypertension Reference Guide
Hypertension Data Dictionary
Hypertension Protocol
Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries – Improving Hypertension Outcome Measurement in Low-and Middle-Income Countries

Team that developed this set

BELARUS
Vladislav Podpalov | Belarusian Hypertension Society, Vitebsk State Medical University

BRAZIL
Otavio Berwanger | Hospital do Coração
Celso Amodeo | Brazilian Society of Cardiology

CAMEROON
Anastase Dzudie Tamdja | Pan African Society of Cardiology, University of Yaounde

CANADA
Norman Campbell | University of Calgary
Ernesto Schiffrin | McGill University, Jewish General Hospital

GHANA
Peter Lamptey | London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, FHI 360

INDIA
Raghupathy Anchala | Indian Institute of Public Health Hyderabad, Public Health Foundation of India

MALAYSIA
Yook-Chin Chia | University of Malaya, Institute for Healthcare Development at Sunway University, Malaysian Society of Hypertension

MOZAMBIQUE
Albertino Damasceno | Eduardo Mondlane University

PORTUGAL
Manuela Fiuza | Universidade de Lisboa
António Vaz Carneiro | Universidade de Lisboa

SWITZERLAND
Fareed Mirza | Novartis Foundation

UNITED KINGDOM
Dorothea Nitsch | London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Gbenga Ogedegbe | New York University Langone Medical Center

VIETNAM
Nam Phuong Do Thi | Heart Institute of Ho Chi Minh City 

*Two patient representatives from Mexico and Tanzania were also members of the Working Group.

ICHOM Standard Sets Hypertension in Low- and Middle - Income Countries Working Group Members

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