Standard Sets

Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

The ICHOM Standard Set for Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries is the result of hard work by a group of leading physicians, measurement experts and patients. It is our recommendation of the outcomes that matter most to patients with Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. We urge all providers around the world to start measuring these outcomes to better understand how to improve the lives of their patients.

  1. Recorded via the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire (BMQ [BMQ-Specific section]).
  2. Includes physical activity (recommended to track via the International Physical Activity Questionnaire [IPAQ-Short Form]), medication adherence (recommended to track via the Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy Scale – South Africa Version [Medication taking sub-scale]) and salt intake (recommended to track via the WHO STEPS Instrument).
  3. Includes survival (overall and cardiovascular), blood pressure control, hypertensive urgencies and hypertensive emergencies, and erectile function (recommended to track via PROMIS single question).
  4. Includes hospitalization, peripheral artery disease, hypertensive crisis, heart failure, ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, atrial fibrillation, and renal disease
  5. Recommended to track via the EQ-5D.

Team that developed this standard


Resource Documents

Hypertension Reference Guide
Hypertension Data Dictionary
Hypertension Protocol
Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries – Improving Hypertension Outcome Measurement in Low-and Middle-Income Countries
Hypertension Flyer

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