Standard Sets

Low Back Pain

Completed & Harmonized

The ICHOM Standard Set for Low Back Pain is the result of hard work by a group of leading physicians, measurement experts and patients. It is our recommendation of the outcomes that matter most to patients with low back pain. We urge all providers around the world to start measuring these outcomes to better understand how to improve the lives of their patients.

  1. Includes operative mortality, nerve root injury including cauda equina, deep wound infection, pulmonary embolus, wrong site procedure, vascular injury, dural tear, other, and need for rehospitalisation.
  2. Tracked via the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)
  3. Tracked via the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS)
  4. Tracked via the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D)
ICHOM Standard Sets Low Back Pain Outcomes Wheel

Resource Documents

Low Back Pain Reference Guide
Low Back Pain Data Dictionary
Low Back Pain Gap Analysis Tool
Low Back Pain – A proposed set of metrics for standardized outcome reporting in the management of low back pain
Low Back Pain Flyer

Team that developed this standard

Beth Morrison | Newro Foundation
Michelle Davies* | St. Paul’s School
Richard Kahler | BrizBrain and Spine

Martin Gehrchen | University Hospital of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet

Miranda van Hooff | Sint Maartenskliniek
Paul Willems | Maastricht University Medical Center
Wilco Jacobs | Leiden University Medical Center
Wilco Peul | Leiden University Medical Center

Tore Solberg | University Hospital of North Norway

William Yeo | Singapore General Hospital
John Chen | Singapore General Hospital

Peter Fritzell | Ryhov Hospital, SweSpine
Olle Hägg | Spine Center Göteburg, SweSpine
Björn Strömqvist | Lund University, SweSpine

Jeremy Fairbank | University of Oxford

Matthew Smuck | Stanford University Medical Center
Thomas Cha | Massachusetts General Hospital
Ajay Wasan | University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Donna Ohnmeiss | Texas Back Institute
Isador Lieberman | Texas Back Institute
Kevin Foley | University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Neil Shonnard | Rainier Orthopedic Institute
Safdar Kahn | Ohio State University
Carter Clement | University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

* Patient representative

ICHOM Standard Sets Low Back Pain Working Group Members

©2021 ICHOM


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